In soil science particulate erosion, also known as rain erosion, is classified into one-way and striated. There are hypotheses that the erosion is caused by one-way traffic flow sheet intact. In nature, conditions for its formation appear infrequently and erosion of soil elements are typically jet streams. Line conversion of water erosion in aiming too conventional: believe that if the signs erosion on the planting box disappear after conventional plowing the soil, then it is water erosion, but if it does not – directed. An important condition of the surface soil erosion is the wind velocity is sufficient for mixing of microscopic soil. According to the classical features, the intensity of erosion, as well as the extent of damage are classified classic air erosion and dust storms.
The difference is largely unclear. The characteristic features of ordinary air erosion (especially in soils of the southern tundra) can be assumed very low wind speed, only slightly exceeding certain standards for soil and further geographically defined conditions – permanent erosion is most often limited to parts of a pair of neighboring sites on the surface which can be traced all levels of the process – from drying the ground to the formation of outlets. Interestingly, the main agricultural land to some extent affected by the daily wind erosion, and mainly when plowing. At high wind speeds, largely exceeding the maximum podzolic soils of the zone significantly increased height units of land that rises up to several tens of meters, and the range of movement, which reaches thousands of miles. In agriculture, transport wind vortex huge amounts of land, with a subsequent decrease the transparency of air, denoted by the wind storm. Such a storm – the destructive phenomenon, whose dimensions are often accepted scale of natural disasters.
These wind-storm early 20th century, destroying their effects were significant motive for the formation of a European Soil Conservation Service. Dust storms, their weather is dedicated to the subtleties of the scientific literature. Horrible experience there are at person apprehended a storm in the desert. Fascinatingly illuminates the wind storm in the Moscow province in 1950, Kapitza in his famous work "Farmers without hope ':' A powerful vortex wind from the east and wind erosion ruled with might and main. Sometimes during the day and usually at night, the hurricane at a time abated, and the new morning, meeting with a force again started his work unkind. The morning was like the twilight. " According to the portal 'Soil and soil science. "