II.The legal fact. It is the event constituted by conduct or omission human, whether voluntarily or involuntarily (in which case it is called legal Act), or a circumstance of nature that creates, modifies or extinguishes rights. They originate in the voluntary nature of the actor, the legal fact is characterized because it produces an effect of law which has not been wanted. In simple terms: the legal fact is the fact that produces legal consequences.It is an alteration in the outside world, which determines legal consequences their elements are:-an alteration in the outside world – legal consequences without the presence of these elements will have not made legal.Why doctrines discussed the importance of one of them.A few (Scialoja) argue that the event is the most important part of the fact. We believe that both elements are important in the production of the legal consequences, the fact would not be legal in this sense, shows that the legal fact comes to be gender, regarding which the legal act is nothing but a species III.KINDS OF LEGAL FACTS. Do the Spanish doctrine (Albaladejo) considers that the facts are classified in the following way:? Positive or negative; facts? Facts simple and complex;? Made natural and volunteers; Made legitimate volunteers.
Made illegal volunteers. Positive or negative, made them were so called because of its content. the legal facts, as well as legal acts, can be positive or negative, according to which as says the Civil Code of Argentina, needed the performance or omission of an Act, so a right start or finish.The distinction between one and the other is, in the opinion of Orgaz’s interest theoretical but little practical value since its terms are subject to the same regime in everything essential that means that the positive facts consist in the realization of a fact, and the facts negatives consist in the realization of a fact or their omission.