The word ' ' desenvolvimento' ' it estimates: to promote progress, economic development, to progress, to expand, here it is the first point that to valeressaltar, some questionings on its meaning, this concept for sis allows to promote progress? If, promoveprogresso, promotes for who? Who is assumen of the natural resources? Quemusufrui of the wealth produced from these resources? All this perguntasso answered when we see, for example, what these great projects in the Amazniatinham as the objective that in thesis was to take development for this regioe, what in fact had brought, had been serious ambient and social problems. Emverdade the concept development is not configured in its fullness. The ditodesenvolvimento is so only applied to the economic growth, crescimentoesse come back only toward the accumulation of the world-wide capital and with the effective falsonacionalismo during the military regimen, the Amazon region was aviltadaatravs of the Great mineral and farming Projects and the populations tradicionaisno had the right of joy of these produced wealth. In this context, and the heat of the quarrels between osdesenvolvimentistas and the ambientalistas another concept appears ' ' DesenvolvimentoSustentvel' ' (DS), this appeared in function of the countless quarrels conceituaisem who would have to be contemplated, as being the basic one, if the Man or the MeioAmbiente. Here it is that the mediator appears of this paradigm, with the attempt you intermediate quarrels and to chagar to a universal consensus. This shock between desenvolvimentistas and ambientalistas of carterparticularmente ideological that contemplate the aspirations of economic groups, are not in its depleted fullness, still have many quarrels to be stopped, therefore, many conceptual contradictions exist due not the clarity of the same ones. Evidentementeque the said sustainable development is not completely a failure, to vamosdizer thus, therefore, it represents an advance in the use of the sustainable term quandocomparado with the use of the term development in face of the proper evolution. .