Scholarships Erasmus Mundus (Program for Cooperation in Higher Education). This scholarship is provided by the European Community. The purpose of it – the maintenance of European masters courses and the introduction of the European Higher Education in less-developed countries. Scholarships are available for 5,000 students from third world countries, who have higher education and wish to continue their studies in Europe at the level of Master. Also, the scholarship provides opportunity in 1000 for teachers from these countries to conduct research in their field.
Scholarships INTAS (grant to support scientists of the CIS countries). The purpose of scholarship assistance and support to scientists in the former Soviet Union with the participation of European partners. Fellows are invited to listen to one of the courses: a course of advanced training and research. Scholarships may be provided to all existing areas of science. University Scholarships Agency of the Francophonie AUF (Agence Universitaire de la Francophonie). Scholarships are available for study, internships and conduct research in various fields.
The main requirement is a membership institution, where she learns or running candidate for the scholarship and the institution that takes him to study at the AUF. Scholarships Ministry of Finance of France. The proposed Ministry of Finance conducted training in Internal Revenue Service, Public Finance and Customs. Some fellows training programs (such as DESS, Ecoles Nationales) could be international students if they would be a bidding process. There are youth scholarships for programs international exchange of various youth forums, festivals and competitions. Sports scholarships are awarded athletic facilities. Every year in France come to the Russian high-class coaches. National Institute for Sport and Physical Education in Paris for several years cooperates with his partner, and Russia. Bottom line: enough scholarships. Choose the best for you a scholarship, send a request to its receive a special department in the French embassy and wait for an answer. More details about each scholarship and the rules of its receipt, you can visit the official website of the Embassy of France in Russia and in the Cultural Center of France Moscow. Remember that the scholarship is intended to cover the costs for training and accommodation. Pocket money from the French government you get. So here you need to consider how much money you take with you. And if you have a great desire to learn, to teach the language to provide for their documents to the French embassy, to be patient and wait!
Who may need translation service to your site? Of course, first of all, corporate clients, because such orders often come from large companies that intend to open a branch in another state or submit their products for foreign language audiences. For orientation of the goods to foreign buyers need to translate the site. It is the most efficient instrument of raising strap of his case before international level. You can not underestimate the role of translation sites. Certainly, in today's world the World Wide Web – the most effective way to get access to the world audience with the lowest cost. Enterprises having non-native performances of Internet resources, gain the opportunity to develop new markets. By transferring the company's site provides users quick access to information about their products, services rendered and not seldom to additional online services. Get more background information with materials from CBC, Australia.
Global network, to convey news of the company and the treatment guidelines and to make the brand more accessible to the world that causes the influx of clients and positive effect on profitability. And even the mere existence of multilingual versions of the site will ratify the company as a solid international organization. The benefits of the website translation into other languages unmistakable. The most common is to translate the site into English, since this is the main international language. Yet must not forget that the majority of all Internet users do not know English at proper level. The percentage of such visitors is constantly growing due to increasing numbers of people, mastering the Internet in Asian, African and Latin American countries.
And, therefore, is to adapt the sites carrying out their translation into multiple languages simultaneously. Most often these languages are: German, Italian, Spanish, Turkish and French. But in recent years become quite popular Chinese. Translate site is not as easy as people think. The site is clearly the face of the company, why is extremely important to the quality of his translation was the highest. And not only in grammar and punctuation, as well as the need to a complete matching transfer of cultural traditions, mentality, linguistic features, business etiquette and the laws of the country, under which the translation site. It turns out that the usual literal translation is not enough, and further adaptation is necessary also the site for the target audience. And, as should take into account many different aspects in the creation of additional foreign-language performances, the site pops up a term – localization of the site. This is a series of measures to adapt to account for all cultural and social characteristics of a country or group of States for which is being implemented to translate the site. For example, when implementing the translation in Arabic and Semitic languages to remember about writing in a different, rather than in Latin and Cyrillic alphabet order, namely from right to left. And the Taiwanese and Japanese in addition to writing from left to right are another way as well namely – the columns from top to bottom with the placement of the columns from right to left. No less important is the follow-up support foreign language site. Therefore, the correct decision will conclude a long term agreement with a company that has good reputation is in this category translation – translation sites.
Learning a foreign language in the modern world is one of the most important components of the moments of the modern, successful person. Official site: Lawyer. Knowledge of at least one foreign language broadens the mind, allows you to learn the culture and customs other people. I think that everyone would be successful and lucky in business. And in this case, again, could well help the foreign language proficiency. First, it’s more knowledge, and secondly expert lingual employers willingly take on the service. PCRM: the source for more info. However, this is not the main thing.
The main point – this is an opportunity to plunge into the world of mysterious and unknowable, is the ability to communicate with people and with another layer of outlook and mentality. It is generally accepted to study English as the international equivalent of communication. But this does not detract from the degree of the importance of studying other foreign languages. Maybe someone is troubled, and say that it is not every man is able to learn a foreign language. Yes! Alas, the ability of each individual society clearly, someone is more prone to physical sciences, who is a humanitarian mindset.
But, of course, everyone has ability and this fact is hardly anyone does not agree. Most importantly, these abilities develop, nurture and strengthen it. This is especially easy to do in childhood, but all the adults who did not speak a foreign language, can expect to learn at least one foreign language. Given that modern technologies allow us to do it easily and effortlessly! We all remember the boom povalny studying foreign languages with the help of 25-th frame.
Worldwide, hundreds of students take the fortress of the Chinese language, studying the hieroglyphics and tortured with tones. However, the progress of their highly controversial, as experts in this field. It is difficult to estimate how many people on Earth teach Chinese, but this number is certainly not less than 30 million. And that number is increasing as more and more universities and even schools offer Chinese language courses. BSA is a great source of information. But most students are not progressing at a fairly good level. High interest in Chinese and many hours of work are not always justified.
Experts compare the number of learners with the number of those who are really good at it expresses itself, and reveal not comforting statistics. For example, among German linguists and interpreters are only three people who are able to perform high-quality simultaneous translation from Chinese to German and vice versa. And in China itself, where many foreigners work, only a small some of them may be more or less comfortable to live in a Chinese language environment. The majority relies on knowledge of Chinese English. One of the factors, experts say – this is the wrong approach to the development of Chinese language.
In studying Chinese Europeans rely on their own, the European system, which justifies itself in the case of European languages, but does not apply to the Chinese. You can not teach this Asian language as you were taught to German or French. Chinese in this regard is unique and requires a lot more time studying than any European language. However, the study of Chinese has also a definite plus. According to statistics, Chinese students have shown good results, while studying at foreign universities. Scientists believe that this is due to increased intelligence, which develops Chinese children in the process of learning their mother tongue. There data that the study of Chinese increases IQ by 15-20%. The largest difference from the rest of the Chinese language is symbolic, not a sound alphabet. When a child learns to read English, he associates written letter with the sound and the sound of words automatically decoded by the brain and gives it meaning. When a Chinese child learns to read, it must separately associate character with its meaning and separately – with the sound. This doubles the efforts of the brain in the process of reading and, accordingly, coaching abilities. By studying the Chinese language, remember that you will have to expend more effort than any other language. However, the benefit you get huge. Knowledge of Chinese can be a huge competitive advantage in a world where China goes to first place in their economic and business indicators. Yes, and increased intelligence you always come in handy! And now – an interesting resource about the development of foreign languages: – Online dictionaries by using multiple languages. Sincerely, S. Vasilenko e-mail for communication: serg753 (dog) rambler.ru 'Generic Methods Improved foreign languages! '- Master the language independently and effectively
Zamenhof after with great zeal began for study. He studied English, French, German, Greek and Latin. Based on my knowledge, he concluded that the new language should include suffixes, prefixes and roots of the language they learned, if any person nationality will be able to find in the universal language, something of his own, relatives, friends in their language. Work on the international language, was slow, since by that time already Zamenhof graduated from university and began practicing medicine. In result in the development of a new language was not enough time.
The years passed before work on the grammar of the language and its vocabulary has been completed. Here, a new obstacle. For publishing the book needed the money. Throughout 2 years of Ludwik Zamenhof searching for sponsors to finance his book. And then, finally, he was lucky. Work of interest in his future father-in and gave him money to publish brochures.
So in 1887, saw the light of rather thin book entitled "An international language. Foreword and a complete tutorial. Himself the author of the pseudonym Dr Esperanto. The word "Esperanto" in Zamenhof created the language means "hopeful." This title author gave their language, because the basic idea of its creation was a hope that people all over the world unite by means of international communication. Basis Esperanto alphabet is Latin. But consists of 28 characters: 5 vowels, 2-semivowels and 21 consonant letters and each letter corresponds to one sound. International language grammar is very simple. It includes 16 of the rules, and in them there are no exceptions.
It was also accepted and approved the decision to create a modern Serbo-Croatian language. Was taken and a decision on the original authors of texts: it was recommended not to expose their texts, recorded with one alphabet to another rewrite. Of a core of historical dictionary of the Serbian and Croatian language, which consists of 21 volumes, was begun in 1881 and completed in 1959. In the dictionary includes 280,000 words that were used in the Serbian and Croatian languages since ancient times and ending with the mid-19 century. In March 1967, Croatia signed the "Declaration on the name and position of the Croatian literary language." It was initiated by representatives of the Croatian intellectuals: T. Ladan, M. Krlezha, D.
and R. Brozovich Katichich. The declaration put forward demands for the recognition of equality between the four languages, which include in addition to the Serbian and Croatia, and Slovenia's still with the Macedonian language, and the appropriateness of using the Croatian language in Croatia. Along with this event, there was one: the main organization of Culture of Croatia was proclaimed the Serb side of the refusal of further participation in the work on the Dictionary of Serbo-Croatian literary and colloquial language. " The result of the "Declaration" was a stop integration policy languages. This was followed so called the "Croatian Spring", the purpose of which were those aimed at fighting for greater autonomy for Croatia. In 1971 he saw the light of the work, which is called the "Croatian orthography. Its authors were Croat linguists M.
Mogush, S. Babic, and B. Fink. The manual describes the rules of grammar and spelling system in the Croatian language. This event was a challenge to the Yugoslav authorities, resulting in the book was banned. Somehow it a copy was in London, where she was published. To date, there is the fourth edition of this book, which is the standard grammar of Croatian language. Today, the Croatian Government has a policy the so-called purists whose goal is to fight for the purity of the Croatian language, the exclusion of the old loan-words from the language and replace them with neologisms, in which should be based Slavic roots. However, in practice were extended only to those newly formed words that are used in the office. Along with this there were neologisms, which were based Serbian roots. And interestingly, they are sometimes forced out words that for centuries were considered Croatian, especially words chakavskogo kaykavskogo and dialects. Thus, the Croatian before the collapse of Yugoslavia had a tendency to self-development and therefore the differences between the two languages – Serbian and Croatian – naturally exist, but among them there are similarities, due to which they are combined into a single language group.