Maintenance work and are significant engines of 2022% of the total complexity of the current repairs to the vehicle. The complexity of repair of modern engines is that, at relatively low stiffness details they require high precision assembly and adherence to technical specifications for the assembly. For example, a slight increase in the pressing sleeves efforts resulting in unacceptable their roundness. Specifications for repair parts, assembly and testing components of a number of requirements for work performed, the main ones are: 1. Filed under: Steffan Lehnhoff. Engine before repair should be thoroughly washed. 2.
The technical condition of the engine verified using the tool of diagnosis, defined fault type and amount of repair work. 3. Removing the engine from the car is only in failing to resolve the problem without removing it. 4. The engine is stripped down to the limits that ensure elimination of malfunction. 5. Previous suitable fasteners are placed in special boxes. Bolts and nuts that have thwarted more than 2-3 threads or wrinkled faces, are replaced.
6. Open openings and hatches, as well as the ends of the disconnected pipe plugs or close the paper. 7. If you do not have to disassemble razukomplektovyvatsya: main bearing caps and clutch with the engine block, crankshaft flywheel (except engines YMZ) rods with caps of connecting rods, oil pump housing sections with lids and plates. 8. Details for the assembly must be clean and dry. Rubbing the surface to lubricate the appropriate lubricant. 9. Spring washers must be divorced for at least 1 / 3 of the puck. 10. Allowed production of used gaskets and seals. Stratification, folds, tearing, chipping pads are not allowed. 11. Samopodzhimnye glands installed so that the edge of the cuff facing in the direction of the cavity with butter. 12. Nuts and bolts are tightened in three stages. 13. The gap between the ears, collars should not be less than 3 mm. Typical engine trouble (Table 1.1) are the wear of pistons, piston rings, liners, crankshaft and bearings, parts of the distribution mechanism; fault attachments; flow lubricant and coolant. With the current renovation engine can be replaced with the following details of CSV: cylinders, pistons, piston rings, piston pins, connecting rods, connecting rod bearings and main bearings, pulley and crank gear, fasteners, gaskets and seals. If necessary, a renovation of the cylinder block, cylinder heads, connecting rods and bearing caps crankshaft. Learn more about repairs, and the device ekspluotatsii car on our website and free piece of iron books for the auto
Note that the more data you accumulate, the easier will elect a vehicle. Better so, before you buy, you have the chance to see the car with my own eyes, in addition to find out how much maintenance is such a car, because once it is will be necessary. More info: Center For Responsible Lending. In the event that will buy the vehicle at the cabin, at the beginning of the year will be able to get to the organization or sale of shares that relate to cars that are produced in the old year. In the implementation of purchase in any case a contract for the sale, which captures all of the rights to operate the equipment owner. When in the cabin of the required model is not found, you can create in advance an agreement with seller, which will establish the conditions the advance amount of the advance and during a period in your car will bring.
Pay more attention to the fact there is a chance to return the down payment, and if you thought better to purchase a specific model of the vehicle. It is mandatory Find out the time of delivery of the vehicle ordered, so no need to wait for the car very long time. Therefore both should be arranged responsible provider, then if the delivery period will be broken. If you would like to know more then you should visit Kidney Foundation. Carefully check all your paper concluded, that in the future did not raise all sorts of offensive surprises and events. Do not be afraid to acquisition, to clarify the correspondence of signs on cars with the information in the documents, which are attached to it. This allows you to get rid of the set awkwardness which might occur, taking into account auto. Some salons have opportunity to provide insurance services for mc or even on its design.
If you are a busy person, have an opportunity he borrowed these services, it saves a lot of your own time, but in this case might be willing to overpay for a few perfect job. When finally it was time to take your own car, do not leave step lively salon. Pay attention to the presence of all relevant papers on vehicle, grab a book service, which displays all kinds of procedures and the time warranty. In addition it specifies service stations, where you'll be to carry out inspections of your the vehicle, replace linseed oil, etc. Consider and test cars and his salon at fault absence, or strips of marriage, pay attention to the existence of a complete set (elektrokonditsioner, tape recorder and the etc.). Try their ability to co-presence of a specialist. It was only after the actions taken endorse the act of reception and transmission. Still and pay attention to the mileage that is C. And when it detects cons, ask them to exclude or as a substitute for cars. In that case if you leave the salon without considering the above, then at the end of this proof of your innocence in conflict with management or the same salon Directorate will not realistic.
The story spirals What future for the most essential means of transportation today? What will be new cars? These questions concerned the heads of companies, experts avtostroitelnoy industry, racers and, of course, everyday drivers. The era of high-tech machines are not just around the corner, it moves on us at breakneck speed. Most scholars advocate the view that the history of Humanity has the form of a helix. Having completed another round, she returned to their original positions only have one order of magnitude higher. The world of cars – not the exception. Most likely, the cars of the future return to the same principles, with which they began to develop.
And how did it all matter? Early last century, only every third car was powered by a work by the petrol motor. Then on top of popularity were steam engines and electric cars …. History today's electric cars fashion began in the early XX century. Then came Henry Ford and his Model T, which turned the industry. Of the electric vehicle forgotten for 50 years. Only to the mid-70s in people's minds the idea began to emerge about future automotive industry after the exhaustion of oil reserves. New cars – a new milestone in the history of the United States and the Old World TURNING milestone consider launching a large-scale production of electric vehicles. Yet, not just Experts in North America recognized the car, the Chevrolet Volt, which did not even have time to earn such a proud title.
In Europe, such an honor awarded electropenalties Nissan Leaf. And the creation of Chevrolet in a sense, represents a major hope for the resuscitation of the American automobile industry. In recent months, CBC, Australia has been very successful. The Volt should be a symbol of electric vehicles in coming years. Let this "Messiah on wheels" is able to travel short distances on electricity only in boundaries of 40-80 km, it can even forgive the heavy dependence on driving style and road surface, all of which affect the success of the trip. The main thing is that a start. By the way, the company this year, GM said that instead of planned 10 thousand cars Volt, they will be released in 2.5 times. The thing is that for new cars has been done a huge amount of applications that is unrelated to the original plan of the company. How exactly will continue development of electric cars say it is difficult, but claim that the machines of the future one way or another will be connected to electricity, means to approach the assessment of the industry objectively. The elegance and beauty of "Tomorrow", of course, except for the opening of other sources of fuel and new engine design for the foreseeable future, we must wait for new design ideas. Agree, it's nice to contemplate the features of a futuristic elegance in cars already now. Look, it was possible to create four students on the basis of impressions of the car Citroen DS23, making his debut as long ago as 1955. The new concept sports a magnificent exterior. By the way, the creators of the machine sent a proposal to to the French manufacturer to put their creation in 2019 on the conveyor.