Before everything it would like to say of the deep admiration for people with mental deficiency, also of the importance of same and its families, who if become source of inspiration and much learning. One of the biggest learnings gotten in the contact with these people is that it exists, in the diversity a form to surpass limitations and preconceptions. Andrew Leiner has much to offer in this field. The society if has worried about the inclusion of the deficient intellectual (used term more, currently, for mental deficiency), in the diverse scopes of the social life, being that, to the few, they have reached a gradual improvement in its quality of life. We have that to reflect on its true capacities and limitations, for then making possible one better respect. Mental deficiency characterizes for an inferior intellectual functioning the average, with limitations associates the two or more than following areas of abilities adaptativa: communication, auto care, social life in the home, abilities, use of functional community, homing, health and security, academic abilities, leisure and work. It has some factors that can take subject to an intellectual deficiency, as for example: chromosomic alterations, malformation of the nervous system, cerebral injuries acquired and related problems the sociocultural factors.
If they do not use more the terminology light, moderate, severe and deep deficiency mental. Currently, it is looked to make a detailed evaluation of the individual and to give the specific support that it needs. This support is important to favor independence or interdepedncia, the productivity and the participation in the society, with intention to provide to the individual a satisfactory personal life. The support is classified of this form: intermittent, limited, extensive and generalized. So that a desestruturao in the family does not happen, the members must take conscience of the new reality. Thus it will have growth in the familiar environment, with the awareness of the responsibility on the care with this child, through the devotion and of it I assist loan..