FOR CRITICAL OF the DEMOCRACY (i) Sandro a Bazzanella Luiz i Adison Boell II the present article is the first one of a series that they aim at to locate some arguments for critical of the democracy the contemporary, the myths, the beliefs that inhabit currently around its theoretician-practical formularization. That the democracy either in our days an aspiration of communities, peoples and to be conquered, consolidated, perfected nations, does not remain to the lesser doubt and urgency, in such a way more to be overcome as reference the context of the societrios and planetary challenges that the dynamics of the mundializao and the globalization impose in them, But, either perhaps interesting to have gift, that it stops beyond being the solution for the totality of the relations of power and interests that the world of the men produces, the democracy has its limits. In this direction, she is necessary to remember that at diverse moments of the civilization occidental person, the democracy nor always was unamimity, being questioned and not figuring between more important forms of government. If with Pricles, century VI a.C, in Atenas in Old Greece, the democracy arrives its apogee, being a direct democracy, where the citizens directed themselves for public square in order to debate the interests of the city, it is good for having present of that the democratic experience Greek exclua women, workers, foreigners and slaves. Therefore, it was a democracy of those citizens who had economic ownerships and conditions to make use of the time in public square around the debates of interest of the city-community. The workmanship ' ' Repblica' ' , written for Plato in this period she is a critical one to the Athenian democracy, in the measure where the citizens condemn wisest of the men to the death, Scrates. It was the Athenian democracy that did not tolerate the socrticos questionings.