Europe Dichotomies

In middle of the decade of 1980, 42% of the population already met in the great urban centers. These agglomerations consequentemente had consequentemente generated the typical problems of habitation, sanitation, education and security. Years 60 are characterized as the decade of bigger estudantil agitation, the aversiva majority to the military service. The new times (postwar period) were the only ones that those young knew. Resented young tended if to incline for the left, as it affirms Hobsbawm: The young groups, not yet seated in the established adult age, are lcus traditional of the joy, riot clutter, as they knew the directors of medieval universities even though, and the revolutionary passions are more common to the eighteen years that to the 35, as the generations of children and skeptical children have said generations of bourgeois parents in the Europe.

… when very it was plus a signal of personality agitated of what lerda. With regard to the historiogrfica production of the second half of century XX, we can point as the one of its characteristics elimination of the borders between the cultures popular and erudite in way to other dichotomies. Contradictory, simplistas, the dichotomies had finished if becoming inspiration for many compositions where the daily one, the beliefs and the life it common man if become object of interest of the art and the conception of culture formed from the most diverse experiences of the daily life. The concern with new objects of study is perceived together with the conception of ' ' sources histricas' ' that they are extended when noticing that any vestiges left for the man can come if to become sources since that these adequately are used. According to cultural historian Lynn Hunt: In the end of the decade of 1950 and beginning of the years of 1960, a group of young marxist historians started to publish books and articles on ' ' history coming of baixo' ' ….

Rio De Janeiro

Even though the argument of that the outlaws are only moving of address migrando for other mounts not pacified, does not serve as critical, because its places of origin are even abandoning, it is because it is giving to certain the policy is winning this battle against the power and domain of the traffic for the first time in the estria of the city of Rio De Janeiro. It is clearly that still it is little, the ideal would be that all the slum quarters were pacified, that the streets and sidewalk of asphalt were policed, that the number of homicides, robberies, roberies and too much delicts fell the numbers of a city of the largeness of Rio De Janeiro, but for this know that also a UPP in the proper policy would be necessary, another one for the politics well that uses the communities to angariar votes, other to police the entrepreneurs of the traffic, that they are that it really enriches the cost of and mainly a UPP for policing the society in its great majority, that only thinks about taking advantages the costs ofthe damage of others. The first step is being given, if it deserves repairs, that are facts, if contains electoral matrix, but it brings benefits to the society, all good, however most important of everything it will be the day where the boys of the mounts and slum quarters of Rio De Janeiro when initiating a trick of ' ' young man and bandido' ' , they fight to be the policeman and he does not stop being the outlaws as he was in our time of children. There yes we will be able to say that the work occasioned effect, that was valid the penalty at last and that the children of these ghettos from will have the same rights and easinesses there to become citizens as any child of asphalt. It takes that this day very does not delay to arrive and that very soon let us can cry out to the seven cantos that ' ' OUR HEROES STILL ARE OS MESMOS' ' Jorge Administrative Managing Milk


FOR CRITICAL OF the DEMOCRACY (i) Sandro a Bazzanella Luiz i Adison Boell II the present article is the first one of a series that they aim at to locate some arguments for critical of the democracy the contemporary, the myths, the beliefs that inhabit currently around its theoretician-practical formularization. That the democracy either in our days an aspiration of communities, peoples and to be conquered, consolidated, perfected nations, does not remain to the lesser doubt and urgency, in such a way more to be overcome as reference the context of the societrios and planetary challenges that the dynamics of the mundializao and the globalization impose in them, But, either perhaps interesting to have gift, that it stops beyond being the solution for the totality of the relations of power and interests that the world of the men produces, the democracy has its limits. In this direction, she is necessary to remember that at diverse moments of the civilization occidental person, the democracy nor always was unamimity, being questioned and not figuring between more important forms of government. If with Pricles, century VI a.C, in Atenas in Old Greece, the democracy arrives its apogee, being a direct democracy, where the citizens directed themselves for public square in order to debate the interests of the city, it is good for having present of that the democratic experience Greek exclua women, workers, foreigners and slaves. Therefore, it was a democracy of those citizens who had economic ownerships and conditions to make use of the time in public square around the debates of interest of the city-community. The workmanship ' ' Repblica' ' , written for Plato in this period she is a critical one to the Athenian democracy, in the measure where the citizens condemn wisest of the men to the death, Scrates. It was the Athenian democracy that did not tolerate the socrticos questionings.