It had been analyzed the factors facilitadores and dificultadores. In accordance with the results were verified that the factors that intervene with the education of the Biological Evolution and that they are facilitadores leave of the interest that the pupil possesss in relation to the subject and of the curiosity in understanding as the beings had appeared livings creature, already the factors dificultadores is the ones that mainly involve religious questions and previous concepts of the pupils that do not accept or not ‘ ‘ acreditam’ ‘ in the Evolution for already arriving to the classroom with its opinion ‘ ‘ formada’ ‘. In view of such notes one becomes necessary, therefore to think about the education of the Biological Evolution not from doxa, but from questions properly of the scientific field, a time that in the classroom what pupil searchs in the dialectic/professor is knowledge scientifically proven. Word-key: Education; Biological evolution; Professors of Biology. The Biological Evolution can be defined as the responsible process for the changes of hereditary characteristics as group of organisms, populations and species throughout generations (FUTUYAMA, 2002). The Biological Evolution if presents as unifying element, through which, many factors as, the anatomical and physiological similarities between the species, the embryology and the diversity of the beings can be explained (GAYON, 2001). For Tidon and Lewontion (2004), the study of the Evolution it is capable to integrate Sciences Biological with other areas of the knowledge as Sociology, Mathematics, Computer sciences, Geology, History and Philosophy.